Content Creators
Querying components

Querying components

You can query components with the method engine.getEntitiesWith(...components) to keep track of all entities in the scene that have certain components.

Systems typically iterate over the entities in these queries, performing the same operations on each. Having a predefined group of valid entities is a great way to save resources, specially for functions that run on every tick of the game loop. If on every tick your system would have to iterate over every single entity in the scene looking for the ones it needs, that would be very inefficient.

You can access the entities in a query in the following way.

for (const [entity] of engine.getEntitiesWith(Transform)) {

Required components #

When making a query, specify what components need to be present in every entity that’s added to the group. You can list as many components as you want, the query will only return entities that have all of the listed components.

for (const [entity] of engine.getEntitiesWith(Transform, Physics, NextPosition)) {
💡 Tip: If your query returns entities that you don’t need to deal with, consider creating a custom component to act as a flag . This component doesn’t need to have any properties in it, but can be used to mark a specific subgroup of entities that you might want to treat differently.

Use queries in a system #

// Define a System
function PhysicsSystem(dt: number) {

  // query for entities that include both a Transform and a Physics component
  for (const [entity] of engine.getEntitiesWith(Transform, Physics)) {
    const transform = Transform.getMutable(entity)
	cons vel = Physics.get(entity).velocity
	position.x += vel.x
	position.y += vel.y
	position.z += vel.z


// Add the system to the engine

In the example above, the PhysicsSystem function iterates over the entities in the query, that is executed on every tick of the game loop.

  • If the scene has several ball entities, each with a Position and a Physics component, then they will be handled, and their position will be updated on each tick.

  • If your scene also has other entities, for example a hoop and a scoreBoard that only have a Transform but not a Physics component, then they won’t be affected by PhysicsSystem.

Dealing with the entities and components #

The getEntitiesWith function returns a collection, that includes references to a set of entities and can also optionally include references to the listed components.

Using the simplest syntax, you fetch only a list of references to the corresponding entities.

const [entity] of engine.getEntitiesWith(myComponent, myOtherComponent)

While iterating on this list of entities, you can then fetch read-only or mutable versions of their components, by using .get or getMutable.

for (const [entity] of engine.getEntitiesWith(Transform)) {

	//get read-only version
	const transformReadOnly = Transform.get(entity)

	// get mutable version
  const transformMutable = Transform.getMutable(entity)

You can optionally also fetch references to each of the listed components directly on as part of the collection returned by the query. To do this, simply declare multiple references together, one for each component you want to fetch. Adding these references is optional, and you don’t need to declare references to all the components in the query either.

// returns references to the entity and the first listed component
for (const [entity, component1] of engine.getEntitiesWith(MyCustomComponent1, MyCustomComponent2)){
    // iterate over list of entities

// returns references to the entity and the first two listed components
for (const [entity, component1, component2] of engine.getEntitiesWith(MyCustomComponent1, MyCustomComponent2)){
    // iterate over list of entities
📔 Note: These references are read-only. To fetch mutable versions of those components, you need to use the .getMutable function referencing the entity.

You can then refer to these references as you iterate over the collection of results, in each entry you’ll have access to the entity and its corresponding component references.

for (const [entity, transformReadOnly] of engine.getEntitiesWith(Transform)) {
	console.log("entity id: ", entity)
	console.log("has position : ", transformReadOnly.position)