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Deploying your own transactions server

Deploying your own transactions server

The transactions-server is a proxy server that relays transactions to Biconomy . It receives a signed transaction from the client that it’s in turn sent to the appropiate network behind the scenes. This allows the server’s owner to facilitate it’s users with costless transactions

The transaction server is used to help with the UX of using multiple networks and to prevent them from switching network providers on the fly. The users can stay connected to Ethereum and interact with Polygon by only signing transactions

The Decentraland DAO has set up a server used by our dapps, covering the cost up to a certain limit with a few restrictions . This document explains how you can deploy this server to enable your users to relay transactions with the restrictions you need, if any.

Restrictions #

All restrictions are per-transaction the user tries to send. Which, in practice, translates into a POST request to the server.

The configurable restrictions the server has are:

  • Checks for a quota of max transactions per day. See the collections section for more info.
  • Checks for whitelisted contracts, so if a transaction is trying to interact with a contract that’s not recognized it’ll fail. To do this it uses
  • The price of sales, restricting it if it’s below a threshold. See min sale value section for more info

Configuring Biconomy #

Biconomy is a Multichain Relayer Protocol. We use it’s infrastructure to enable costless transactions. This effectively means that, when you go to send a transaction, you’re instead signing a message and sending that to Biconomy. The service will take care of sending the transaction for you and giving you a response (transaction hash) back.

It needs a contract to forward the transactions, but luckily we can reuse the one that’s being used by Decentraland (see below)

Biconomy works as an API to the server. To configure it you’ll first need an API KEY and an APP ID which we we’ll use later . To get these:

  • Register in the service
  • Create new dapp for the network you intent to target. To mimic what Decentraland does, you’d pick Matic Mainnet
  • Copy the API KEY from the Keys section
  • Add a new contract. Click the + Add Contract button. If you want to use the same Decentraland uses you can add this one , which has the following data:
    • Name: Meta Transaction Forwarder
    • Address: 0x14d4be0ef62fa7a322bbefe115d53a49f2754752
    • *Application Binary Interface (ABI)**: Check the Contract ABI section on the Contract tab, in Polygonscan
    • Meta Transaction Type: Custom
  • Add a new API. Click the Manage APIs button. Continuing with the Decentraland’s example:
    • Smart Contract: Meta Transaction Forwarder
    • Method: ForwardMetaTx
    • Name: Forward Meta Tx
  • Get the APP ID from the created API

Lastly, you’ll need to fund your newly created dapp. You can do this by connecting your wallet in the Gas Tank section at the top right. Once connected, it’ll enable you to deposit your MATIC to fund the transactions your users will send. If you need to get MATIC, check this post .

Testnet #

If you want to test your app before going live and you’re using Polygon you can do so in Matic Amoy, the Polygon testnet.

To do this simply repeat the process but picking Matic Testnet (Amoy) on the network field. Then use the following contract as your MetaTxForwarder.

You’ll need to fund your dapp, but you can do so easily by getting MATIC tokens from the faucet .

Downloading the transactions server #

First off, you’ll need a copy of the Decentraland’s transactions-server code. You can find it on github . From there, you have two options:

  1. Downloading the code: To download the code, you have to first click on the green Code button and then either
  • Click on Download ZIP
  • Copy the URL under the Clone title and then run $ git clone THE_URL_HERE
  1. Forking the code: You can click the fork button on the top right of the page. Once the process is complete, you’ll be able to download you code the same way you’d do it on the first option. You’ll need a Github account for this, for more information on forking repositories see here

Configuring the server #

The transactions server is written in NodeJS using Typescript . Before running it you’ll need to configure a few environment variables.

To do this:

  • Copy the .env.example file and paste it renamed to .env
  • Open the .env file. You’ll see some variables have a default value, like HTTP_SERVER_PORT=5000 (in which port to run the server)
  • You can leave most values as they are, but there’re a few important values to consider:

Biconomy #

Use the API KEY and API ID we got when configuring biconomy .


Transactions #

When a new transaction request arrives it’ll check the amount an address has sent that day. If it’s over the set value the transaction will fail.


To completely remove this check, you can go into the code and remove the

await checkQuota(components, transactionData)

method from async function checkData(transactionData: TransactionData): Promise<void> { in src/ports/transactions/component.ts

Contracts and collections #

The server will fetch the Contract addresses URL and store them locally and query the subgraph. When a new transaction request arrives it’ll then check if the contract the transaction is interacting with belongs to either the deployed contracts in the URL or the deployed collections in the subgraph.

If you want to supply your own contracts change the URL and keep the same structure the current has. The network used is determined by COLLECTIONS_CHAIN_ID, and the interval with which the cache is re-fetched is COLLECTIONS_CHAIN_ID

If you have your own collections you can also change the subgraph URL.

To completely remove this checks, you can go into the code and remove the

await checkContractAddress(components, transactionData)

method from async function checkData(transactionData: TransactionData): Promise<void> { in src/ports/transactions/component.ts



Min sale value #

When a new transaction request arrives it’ll first parse the data it’s trying to relay. If it detects a sale (marketplace buy, bid, etc), it’ll check the value against MIN_SALE_VALUE_IN_WEI. If it’s lower, the transaction will fail.


To check the relevant sale methods, you can see src/ports/transaction/validation/checkSalePrice.ts and to completely remove this check, you can go into the code and remove the

await checkSalePrice(components, transactionData)

method from async function checkData(transactionData: TransactionData): Promise<void> { in src/ports/transactions/component.ts

Running the server #

Now all configuration is set, what’s left is actually running the server. You can follow it’s README but in a nutshell, you’ll have to:

  • Have NodeJS installed
  • Open your terminal of choice
  • Run the following commands:
npm install
npm run migrate # only the first run
npm run start

Of course, you’ll probably want to deploy this to your service of choice, like AWS for example. You can use the Project’s Dockerfile to do so.

Using the server #

Now everthing’s set up and running, it’s time to actually use the server.

To actually send a transaction, you need to POST to /transactions. The schema required for the request is defined by transactionSchema on src/ports/transaction/types.ts.

If, instead, you want to use our pre-made libs to make your life easier you can try decentraland-transactions . It’s used via decentraland-dapps in our dapps like the Marketplace , with the utils sendTransaction . Check this code for an example.